Mother Teresa of Calcutta
Mother Teresa of Calcutta (1910-1997 ) was an Albanian-born Roman Catholic nun. She founded the Missionaries of Charity, a religious order of nuns in Calcutta, India, in 1948 through which she she dedicated her life to helping the poor, the sick, and the dying around the world.
Born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, she entered the Order of the Sisters of Our Lady of Loreto in Ireland at the age of 18. She trained in Dublin and Darjiling (Darjeeling), India, before taking her religious vows in 1937. While serving as principal of a Roman Catholic high school in Calcutta, she was moved by the presence of the sick and dying on the city's streets. In 1948, she was granted permission to leave her post at the convent and begin a ministry among the sick.
In 1950 Mother Teresa and her associates were approved within the archdiocese of Calcutta as the Missionaries of Charity. Later the order was recognized as a pontifical congregation under the jurisdiction of Rome.
In 1952 Mother Teresa opened the Nirmal Hriday (Pure Heart) Home for Dying Destitutes in Calcutta. Subsequently she extended her work worldwide. In recognition of her efforts she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979.
Declining health forced her to slow down in 1990. She died of a heart attack on Sept. 5, 1997 at the age of 87.
Mother Teresa : A Complete Authorized Biography by Kathryn Spink