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Perry Smith

Noteworthy People

Martin Luther King, Jr.

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The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. by Martin Luther, Jr. King, Clayborne
Carson (Editor) King, Martin Luther, Jr. (1929-1968), was an American clergyman, Nobel Prize winner, one of the leaders of the American civil rights movement, and an advocate of nonviolent protest. King's challenges to segregation and racial discrimination in the 1950s and 1960s helped convince many white Americans to support the cause of civil rights in the United States. After his assassination in 1968, King became a symbol of protest in the struggle for racial justice.

Martin Luther King, Jr. attended segregated public schools in Atlanta, Ga. and he excelled as a student. He entered Morehouse College at the age of 15 and graduated with a bachelor's degree in sociology in 1948. After graduating with honors from Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania in 1951, he went to Boston University where he earned a doctoral degree in systematic theology in 1955. King's public-speaking abilities-which would become renowned as his stature grew in the civil rights movement-developed slowly during his collegiate years. He won a second-place prize in a speech contest while an undergraduate at Morehouse, but received Cs in two public-speaking courses in his first year at Crozer. By the end of his third year at Crozer, however, professors were praising King for the impression he made in public speeches and discussions.

Throughout his education, King was exposed to influences that related Christian theology to the struggles of oppressed peoples. At Morehouse, Crozer, and Boston University, he studied the teachings on nonviolent protest of Indian leader Mohandas Gandhi. King also read and heard the sermons of white Protestant ministers who preached against American racism. Benjamin E. Mays, president of Morehouse and a leader in the national community of racially liberal clergymen, was especially important in shaping King's theological development.

The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. by Martin Luther, Jr. King, Clayborne Carson (Editor)

I Have a Dream : Writings and Speeches That Changed the World by James Melvin Washington (Editor), Martin Luther, Jr. King, Coretta Scott King

Strength to Love by Martin Luther, Jr. King

The Martin Luther King, Jr. Companion : Quotations from the Speeches, Essays, and Lectures of Martin Luther King, Jr. by Coretta Scott King (Editor), Martin Luther, Jr. King, Dexter Scott King (Introduction)

Why We Can't Wait by Martin Luther, Jr. King

Bearing the Cross : Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference by David J. Garrow, 1999

A Knock at Midnight : Inspiration from the Great Sermons of Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr by Martin Luther, Jr. King, Peter Holloran (Editor), clay Carson, Clayborne Carson (Editor), Peter Halloran (Editor)