Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869-1948), was an Indian nationalist leader who established his country's freedom by way of a nonviolent revolution. He was born in Porbandar in the present state of Gujarat on October 2, 1869, and educated in law at University College, London. In 1891, after having been admitted to the British bar, Gandhi returned to India and attempted to establish a law practice in Bombay with little success. Two years later, an Indian firm with interests in South Africa retained him as legal adviser in its office in Durban. Arriving in Durban, Gandhi found himself treated as a member of an inferior race. He was appalled at the widespread denial of civil liberties and political rights to Indian immigrants to South Africa. He threw himself into the struggle for basic rights for Indians.
Gandhi was inspired by Leo Tolstoy, Jesus Christ, and Henry David Thoreau's essay, "Civil Disobedience." He was assassinated in 1948 by a Hindu zealot named Nathuram Godse.
Autobiography : The Story of My Experiments With Truth by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi